指令弹出卡

4,493

47

6

Introduction: Instructables Pop-Up Card

关于:我是埃因霍温地区的机械工程师。在我的业余时间,我喜欢做一些随机的东西,既有用又特别无用。

久不前(实际上差不多一年)我戴着一件笔触,我的8个月大的儿子无法停止触摸机器人。所以它是非常明显的,需要做出适合他的事情。一个豪华的机器人已经在网站上,因此可以轻松响起的方式。我需要我可以做一些研究的东西,需要有简单的基础知识,但我也喜欢一个挑战,所以那些基础应该能够用来努力创造一些更难的东西。我终于解决了弹出的书设计。一年后,我终于完成了这个项目。

Only two basic techniques are used for creating pop-ups, these are explained in steps "Pop-Up Basics". With these two techniques combined in different ways, complex movements and forms can be achieved. Some of the techniques I used in the final robot project can be found in steps "Pop-Up Advanced". And for even more techniques and info I'd advice you to go to弹出式频道on Youtube. An amazing place to find info on how to do pop-ups.

我用CAD设计了我的弹出式机器人的机械结构,这就是我工作的方式,我知道如何使用它。技术方面结束后,我转到Inkscape添加图形。然而,我相信大多数弹出式设计有一点不同的工作流程。他们从使用草图的总体设计开始。之后,他们用真正的纸和技术进行实验,他们知道这些技术可能对设计有用。一旦这似乎奏效了,他们就把它全部数字化了。我的建议是,一旦你用纸做了一些基本的实验,就用最适合你的方式来做。

In the final step I've included a pdf of the robot pop-up card so you can make it yourself.

第1步:材料和工具

Materials:

  • White paper for the examples - regular printing paper should be fine
  • 最终机器人的白皮书/卡片 - 我使用了160克。
  • Glue - Try to use a glue which doesn't warp the paper, test this out before you start.

Tools:

  • Printer - I added the designs to every step. you can print these and fold along with the steps.
  • Hobby knife - Obviously to cut out the design.

可选:

  • Dull blade - Pre-carve the fold for a more crisp fold.
  • Children - I believe everyone will enjoy this card, but based on my son's reaction children will enjoy it the most.

第2步:弹出基础知识

The basics of pop-up design are quite easy. When you open a page, certain shapes lift up from the book. When the page is closed, those shapes fold in again and you are left with a flat sheet.

The 'energy' which opens the shapes comes from the folds. When a structure is added to a fold, new folds are introduced. These folds can again act as the 'energy' to pop-up other structures. Two types of structures can be distinguished, a structure created by a fold which crosses the base fold (v-fold) and structures created by a parallel fold. By smart combinations of both types of fold, folds in any direction in the 3D space can be created at any location you desire.

All basic folds explained in the next steps can be made by printing out the pdf attached to that step.

Step 3: Pop-Up Basics: V-fold

如弹出基础知识中所述,V折叠底部折叠。这意味着折叠(基部和引入)之间的角度应该是平衡的。如果角度不平衡,则页面不能完全关闭。换句话说,α1+β1=α2+β2或α1-β1=α2-β2,取决于折叠折叠的方向。

V折叠,对称和不对称有2种主要类型。对称折叠是α1=α2和β1=β2时。不对称折叠是所有其他V折叠。在这些主要类型中,可以区分前倾,平衡和背部倾斜。前倾斜是当折叠的尖端倾斜朝向底部折叠时。背部倾斜是当折叠的尖端倾斜偏离底部折叠时。当边缘相对于底部折叠以90度角度静置时,平衡位于中间。总的来说,达到6 V-FOR才能区分:

Symmetric Asymmetric
Front leaning
Balanced
背靠

第4步:弹出基础:并行折叠

平行褶皱与原始褶皱平行,因此根据定义,角度处于平衡状态。所以要正确平衡平行褶皱,不是角度而是长度要平衡。所以a1+b1=a2+b2。

There are 2 main types of parallel fold, symmetric and asymmetric. The symmetric fold is when a1=a2 and b1=b2. A special symmetric fold is the square fold where all sides (a1, a2, b1, b2) have the same length. The asymmetric folds are all other parallel folds. An often used special one here is the rectangular fold, where a1=b2 and a2=b1.

正方形 Rectangular

在这些主要类型中,还有一些其他类型需要区分。尖边是当底座完全打开时,结构直立。钝边是指当底部折叠打开90度时,引入的折叠打开超过90度但小于180度。最后是钝边的一个特例,引入的褶皱朝着基部褶皱折叠,而不是远离基部褶皱。这三种类型的例子可以在下面的对称褶皱中找到。

Pointed edge Blunt edge 向内折叠

只需将示例的底部折叠打开90度即可看到结果。

Step 5: Pop-Up Advanced

理论上,您已经有足够的信息来制作您可以想到的最精心的弹出设计。但是,如果前面已经解释了一些额外的“高级”技术,这通常很容易,所以你不必弄清楚自己。所以我解释了一些我在最后的机器人弹出卡中使用的几个。

在下一个步骤中解释的所有高级折叠都可以通过打印出附加到该步骤的PDF来进行。

Step 6: Pop-Up Advanced: V-fold & Parallel Fold

外部机制:

打开弹出窗口时,V-Folds和Parallet折叠不仅可以创建新的“内部”折叠,可用于创建新机制,但也可以使用“外部”折叠。在这些情况下,重要的是不仅考虑V折叠和平行折叠,平衡的主要规则,而且还具有较大的角度(V折叠)或更大长度(平行折叠)。所以α1<β1&α2<β2(V折)和A1

用作机器人的手臂,也用作头部。

V-fold 平行折叠

Standing structure:

常设结构是建筑物等东西的理想选择。它由基座和平行于基座的水平平面/折叠组成。两者都与3个垂直腿连接,1连接折叠和折叠的每一侧。当底座打开时,该结构将直立。但是,根据您使用的纸张以及结构顶部的重量,可能需要增加额外的支撑以保持结构直立。存在多个选项以支撑结构。最常见的是双45度折叠(见下一步)或在外部腿之间添加并联折叠(类似于下一步中的球体)。

Used as the legs of the robot.

Step 7: Pop-Up Advanced: Combined V-fold & Parallel Fold

Angled parallel fold:

There actually is not much to say about this one. It is a v-fold with the point removed, so it looks like a parallel fold.

用于机器人的上臂。

Double 45 degree fold:

当基本折叠打开时,要使某物直立,可以使用此折叠。折页由一张纸加在基本折页上和一个45度的v形折页组成。45度v形折叠是一个对称的v形折叠,折叠打开时,跨越90度。在插入的纸张的两侧和底部之间使用45度v形折叠将纸张连接到底部折叠处。现在,当你打开底部折叠时,这张纸应该直立。

Used in the legs (standing structure) of the robot to keep the robot upright.

半球形:

这个听起来比它更难。但如果我们将球体更换为多边形,则变得更加容易。从上一步开始与站立结构。但是,现在两条腿应该用半圈多边形替换。然后使用基本尖锐的边缘平行折叠连接多边形的边缘。使用类似的方法,也可以将半球形扩展到几乎全球。

用作机器人的身体。

Step 8: Instructables Robot Thank You Card

最初我想设计一个完整的弹出书,其中每个弹出页面都会伴随着一首诗的双线。我甚至写了这首诗。但是,我设计的第一个弹出窗口是赋予者机器人(即使在这一步中展示了一个更复杂的版本),结果表明很难。不仅是我可以管理的弹出部分,但特别是伴随的艺术本身。我喜欢画画,但在我喜欢花在这样的项目时,我还没有足够的熟练来拉下整本书。所以这本书被缩小到了一个页面。但至少现在我们最喜欢的机器人有一个弹出的人物。

As you will find in this step I've included two versions of the robot pop-up. The details on how to print and assemble can be found in the attached pdf as well. Please enjoy the pop-up card and leave an "I made it" in the comments.

对于那些对这首诗感兴趣的人:

The Instructables Robot had many human friends around,
But there was one kind of friend he still hadn't found.
幸运的是,自制机器人是最新的潮流,
So he decided to make himself a little robot friend.
He started gathering mechanical stuff like nuts and a bolt,
而在这一切中间,应该是一颗金子做的心。
他开始修补,一个小型机器人来说,
但你只能看到一个羞耻的裸体机器人。
So the Instructable Robot started searching again for supplies,
这次他收集了面料,纸板,油漆和其他染料。
Using tools and the materials found the robot was dressed,
And even his human friends were more then impressed.
小机器人不再赤身裸体,骄傲骄傲,
“我们永远是朋友,”他大声对机器人说。

纸类Contest

这是一个条目
纸类Contest

Be the First to Share

    Recommendations

    • Jewelry Challenge

      Jewelry Challenge
    • 纸类Contest

      纸类Contest
    • 让它发光比赛

      让它发光比赛

    6评论

    0
    bita.mankavi

    4天前

    I make funny time for my kids. thanks a milion

    0
    ruudcreates.

    Reply 2 days ago

    不客气。

    0
    Seamster.

    8 days ago

    Woooo! This is excellent. Love it! : )

    0
    ruudcreates.

    9天前回复

    Thanks :) Pretty fun to design this.