建造钢筋混凝土支线渔船

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介绍:建造一艘用于捕鱼的钢筋混凝土支线飞机

About: Part software developer, part maker.

这是一个关于失败的故事,以及我是如何设法在设计过程中进行迭代以修正我的错误的。

有一段时间,我想做一条船,我可以在我的钓鱼旅行中使用,我可以用这条船在水上拉钓鱼线,超过我可以投掷的东西,也可以作为一个饲料船,带来额外的食物投到投投投的地方,当捕捉鲤鱼。

When thinking about the design of the boat, I chose to make an airboat because the lake where I usually go fishing has a lot of grass growing in the shallow water, so any propeller or anything else sticking out of the bottom will become tangled and the boat can get stuck.

以下是整个过程的两个视频。第一个是最初的制作,最终没有如预期的那样工作,但是在解决了问题之后,即使在承载了很多重量的情况下,船也能完美地工作。

供应品:

视频中使用的工具和材料:

第一步:准备气垫船平台

The platform of the airboat is made out of corrugated plastic that is typically used for roofing and it has a lot of rigidity.

To determine the shape of the platform, I've placed the plastic bottles that will provide the buoyancy on the front and the back and I marked and cut a sort of pointed shape out of it.

然后用热胶把瓶子粘在上面,为了确保它们不会脱落,我在每个瓶子旁边钻了个洞,然后用花园的绳子把它们绑起来。

因为塑料上的肋骨方向有一点弯曲,所以我加了一块木头,垂直于它们,用螺丝和热胶固定。

This added a lot of strength and made the entire thing rigid.

第二步:安装电机

In a typical airboat configuration, the motor is mounted in the back. In my case, I wanted to have the back available for the loading bucket so I decided to mount the motor in the front.

底座是由两块相同的波纹塑料材料制成的,我在平台上制作了这些碎片,这些碎片来自它的边角料。

在前面有一个三角形的形状,在后面用螺丝钉固定在一起。

然后将其粘在船的前部,在船的后面粘上一个塑料托盘来装所有的电子设备。

第三步:做舵

The airboat will have two rudder wings to be able to better deflect the air pushed from the propeller.

我又用同样的塑料材料做了这个,我先从里面切了一个正方形,然后把它分成两个梯形的部分。

Since the plastic has channels inside it, I used one of these channels to run a steel wire through it that is bent on the top and it is entirely glued to the plastic.

These steel rods will serve as the mounting points for the rudders, so I made two holes in a wood piece to mount it behind the electronics box.

THIS IS WRONG!

通过安装舵airbo的中心at, they are not able to provide the angular momentum needed to spin the boat around. Instead, they push the boat to the side and it is unable to be steered. I'll fix this in a later step, but if you are following along, make sure to place the rudders in the back of the boat so they can rotate the entire thing.

The control horns for the rudder are made out of craft popsicle sticks where I first cut a small length of them, drilled a hole with my rotary tool and then I glued them into a slot cut in the plastic.

第四步:连接舵机和电子设备

This is a fairly straight forward job as we basically have only two connections to make on the RC receiver.

发动机ESC连接在通道3上,因此油门可以通过RC发射器的左杆控制,方向舵的伺服连接到通道1,因此方向舵可以通过右杆左/右运动来控制。

第五步:试运行

Having the controls ready, I wanted to test run the airboat to see how it behaved before I went in any further.

这是我发现,把方向舵放在中心不起作用,但你可以检查所有的细节在下面的视频。

第六步:固定方向舵的位置

因为很明显方向舵必须安装在船的后面,我现在不得不把安装的木条切成两半,这样中间就有一个开口,让鱼饵和鱼线能够通过。

These two pieces are individually mounted with two screws each and I re-used the same mounting holes as before.

Step 7: Cut the Dump Bucket Slot

The initial plan was to have the loading bucket all the way to the back where there won't be anything to interfere with the fishing line being towed.

因为现在方向舵在汽艇的最后面,装载桶将被移到船的中心,所以中心需要一个槽,以便任何被拖曳的诱饵都能安全地释放在水中而不会被缠住。

我首先在塑料平台上标出这个槽的位置,然后用一把多功能刀把它切下来。

第八步:在下面加裙子

在我最初的测试中,4个塑料瓶所提供的浮力并不是很大,因为船在水中的位置很低。

这是一个问题,因为我们计划使用船的地方有很多水草生长在湖里,瓶子很容易被缠住。

To mitigate this, I've added a skirt all around the boat out of 5 mm XPS that is typically used as an insulation for laminate flooring.

The skirt is glued together with hot glue and I made sure that there are no gaps where water can leak in.

第九步:安装舵机

为了改善方向舵的运动,我现在用XPS泡沫为伺服马达做了一个新的支架,这样伺服就可以与控制喇叭对齐了。

这个支架是粘在气垫船平台上的,电线穿过电子箱上的一个孔。

步骤10:安装装载铲斗

The final step is to mount the loading bucket to the boat and for that, I used a door hinge to serve as the pivot for it.

I used a bit of hot glue to temporarily hold the bracket in place and I then drilled and screwed the thing to the bucket. Since the screws I had were too long, I used my angle grinder to cut them off.

我最好把它放在平台上的螺丝钉上,这样我就可以自由地把它放在那里。

倾翻机构尚未完成,但它将由一个坚固的金属齿轮伺服电机制成,该电机将安装在门铰链的旋转轴上,并由RC发射器上的开关控制。

第11步:测试和下一步

现在船上大部分时间都在阅读,是时候进行另一次测试了,这次它运行得很好。

这艘船运行平稳,没有任何负载,甚至走得很快。

We were able to drive around the lake with a large stone in the loading bucket without any issues and bring the boat safely back to shore. You can check how it went in the second video for the project.

As a final thought, if I ever re-do the project I might try and use XPS foam directly for the boat platform as that will not require to create the skirt and provide a lot of buoyancy directly.

如果你有任何建议,请留下他们的意见,因为这是我第一次建立任何漂浮在水面上,所以我有很多东西要学习。

如果你喜欢我的工作,你想看得更多,一定要订阅我的YouTube频道follow me here on Instructables因为我还有很多项目要给你看。

干杯并感谢你的关注。

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    8讨论

    0
    损失100。

    6周前

    如果你把铰链的枢轴点前后移动到靠近桶中心的位置,那么你的伺服系统就不必提升整个饵的重量。

    0
    尝尝你的密码

    答复6周前

    Yes, true. Thanks for the tip. I put a metal gear servo that is capable of lifting more than 10kg/cm so it is plenty strong to lift the bucket as it is.

    0
    mickeypop

    小费6周前

    虽然我喜欢踢板浮动的想法,它仍然会坐低。
    Replacing the bottles with milk bottles would float higher but be careful of raising the center of gravity.
    为了避开这个问题,在瓶子里放一点沙子作为压舱物不会明显改变高度。
    希望你一切顺利。

    0
    尝尝你的密码

    答复6周前

    谢谢你的提示。下一个版本我可能会用固体XPS泡沫板。

    0
    缩短

    小费6周前

    如果杂草是一个严重的问题,也许你应该考虑在底部放一张塑料布。如果你不能完全密封船体,在船尾放一个排水孔。水在航行中会被抽出。你的钓鱼线是不是连在一起,这样当你得到“大一号”的时候就放了?你可以考虑一下,这样“他”就不会弄沉你的船了。

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    答复6周前

    The boat only caries the bait and dumps it when on location. Once dumped, the fishing line is no longer attached to it in any way so sinking it is not a concern. The foam does a great job at skimming over weeds. For next version a recommendation came to make the body of the boat entirely out of foam so that should also prevent any leaks to form in the first place.

    0
    SWAMPCRITTER

    小费6周前介绍

    使用泡沫踢脚板,这样会更坚固、更漂浮。。。。容易安装你的舵,电子和发动机。。

    0
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    答复6周前

    是的,我也想过。我将在2.0:D版本中试用它